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Glossary  

ABSTRACT
A short summary of the contents of a book or article. Some computerized indexes have abstracts as well as citations.

CALL NUMBER (SHELF NUMBER)
A combination of numbers and letters assigned to a book to identify its contents and give it a precise location (address) on the library shelves.

CITATION
Information which precisely identifies a book or an article; includes author, title, volume, page numbers and publication information. Often other information such as subject headings or index terms will be included in a citation.

COLLECTION
The items (books, CDs, periodicals, etc.) housed in the library.

COPYRIGHT
The right to copy. Only the owner of the copyright, usually the creator of the piece, is allowed to produce or reproduce the work in question or to permit anyone else to do so(see copyright Act 98 of 1978)

COPYRIGHT ACT
An act to regulate copyright and to provide for matters incidental thereto.

DATABASE
A collection of information arranged into individual records to be searched by computer.

ELECTRONIC DATABASE
See: Database

HOLDINGS
A term used to indicate the items owned by the library; see also the definition of "collection".

IMPACT FACTORS
The journal impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year. These impact factors are compiled by the ISI (Institute for Scientific Information), and are limited to accredited journal titles. It helps to evaluate a journal’s relative importance, especially when comparing it to others in the same field. The impact factor is calculated by dividing the number of citations in the current year to articles published in the two previous years by the total number of articles published in the two previous years.

INTERLENDING
A lending and borrowing service which provides access to materials in other libraries.

ISSN
The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an internationally recognized identification number for serial publications. An ISSN is an eight-digit standard number that, once assigned, becomes a permanent attribute of the individual serial for as long as it is issued under a given title. ISSN are assigned by national and regional centres of the international ISSN Network. This system of international coordination ensures that each ISSN is unique to one serial publication. ISSN can be used wherever information on serials needs to be recorded or communicated.

ISBN
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a system of numerical identification for books, pamphlets, educational kits, microforms, CD-ROM and Braille publications. By assigning a unique ten-digit number to each published title, the system provides that title with its own, unduplicated, internationally recognized "identity". Publishers, booksellers, libraries and other participants in the book industry use ISBN to identify publications in order to expedite their handling and retrieval. ISBN ensures that ordering, inventory control and accounting are executed more efficiently.

LITERATURE SEARCHES
Literature searches entail comprehensive sourcing of published information from in-house and external databases, based on customer-specific specifications.  Clients include MRC staff, MRC-supported researchers and private individuals/organizations/institutions.

ONLINE DATABASE
A collection of information arranged into individual records to be searched by computer, which is available through the Internet or an organization's Intranet.

PERIODICALS
Journals, magazines, newspapers, etc. that are published at regular intervals (weekly, monthly, etc.), usually more than once a year.

REFERENCE COLLECTION
A special area in a library where a collection of reference materials is located to help you with your research needs. Most people refer to these books but do not read them from cover to cover, so reference materials do not circulate.

REPACKAGING OF INFORMATION
Information Repackaging (IR) is a library and information service which customises information to meet the specific needs of users

SABINET
Sabinet Online facilitates retrieval of information according to specific user needs from acclaimed international and South African databases.  Not only does Sabinet Online allow access to online information from full-text databases, but should the information not be available in immediate full-texts, Sabinet Online also provides clients with effective means to obtain these articles within hours. They can be ordered from document suppliers or by means of interlibrary loans.

SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI)
SDI is a customised literature search strategy saved as user profile and executed on a monthly basis.

WIZCAT
The MRC library makes use of WIZCAT (restricted access; for MRC users only) which is a web-based knowledge and information management tool for corporate information centres and special libraries.

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Last updated:
29 February, 2016
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