South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC)
Building a healthy nation through research and innovation


HIV Prevention Research Unit


Terms and Conditions
to visit this site

Alight Botswana 

Increasing Participation of Women and Girls with Disabilities in Gender-based Violence Prevention Programmes in Botswana

This project aims to accelerate the participation of women and girls with disabilities in gender-based violence (GBV) programmes in Botswana through the integration of programmes that address violence, GBV and HIV with disability inclusive development. In order to do so, the project, which is implemented in Gaborone, Francistown and Maun, aims to achieve the following sub-objectives:

Objective 1: Inception - Establish a coalition on GBV and disability inclusion (click to view)
  • Establish a coalition between DPOs, NGOs, funding agencies, government, traditional leaders and researchers that builds a network to advance participation in programmes addressing violence, GBV and HIV
  • Ensure the active participation of people with disabilities in this project
  • Finalise the project outline, an implementation and project management plan, and ethics review application for the research protocol
Objective 2: Identify risk factors and gaps in policy and practice
  • Identify the risk factors for violence including GBV amongst women and girls with disabilities
  • Highlight gaps in policy and legislation that are needed to ensure access and participation
  • Identify opportunities to enhance participation and inclusion
  • Transfer skills to researchers, research assistants, and people with disabilities
  • Inform government about gaps in data collection, policy, and implementation
Objective 3: Adapt a disability inclusive framework for Botswana
  • Disseminate findings from phase two
  • Adapt a violence/GBV prevention framework for use in Botswana (e.g. ALIV[H]E framework)
  • Include women and girls with disabilities as leaders in developing a disability inclusive framework that responds to their needs and ensures self-determination and participation
Objective 4: Build human capacity to respond to violence including GBV among girls and women with disabilities
  • Build capacity among DPOs, NGOs, and government to respond to violence including GBV among people with disabilities using the disability inclusive framework developed in this project.
  • Increase knowledge and participation of people with disabilities with regards to violence and GBV
  • Support linkages between DPOs, disability focused NGOs, and women’s groups (NGOs) through training key programmatic staff
Objective 5: Support implementation of learning into strategies for participation
  • Improve the capacity, strategic planning, and material resources of implementing DPOs, NGOs, and women’s organisations
  • Develop strategies that enhance participation in GBV programmes
  • Design a framework to monitor the progress of implementation (case studies)

Project Outline

Phase One: Building a coalition (2017)
The inception phase included a stakeholder workshop for initial engagement and a number of consultative meetings that aim at finalising the project approach, the monitoring and evaluation plan, and project timelines, as well as establishing a strong team of implementing partners. During this phase the ALIGHT team also develop the Ethical proposal and submitted the protocol to the ethics boards of the South African Medical Research Council and University of Botswana. The conclusion of this phase were compiled in this report.
Phase Two: Identifying individual risk factors and gaps in policy and practice (2017/18)
In collaboration with BCD and IDM, SAMRC will collate evidence using a literature review (including a review of national statistics and evidence, and regional GBV and disability data), a systematic policy and legal obligation review, and a risk assessment (qualitative component). The latter will engage with four key groups (people with disabilities, women’s groups, government representatives, and other implementing organisations) potentially in Gaborone, Maun, or Francistown. We will conduct focus group discussions and individual interviews with people from representative groups and examine and analyse case studies involving women with disabilities who have experienced gender-based violence. We will use peers, hence women with disabilities as research assistants, which will strengthen the participatory approach of the research approach.
Conventional content analysis will be used to analyse the discussion groups and interviews. Through the synthesis of existing evidence, the primary data from the qualitative study, and the systematic policy review, we will identify the risk factors of violence against women and girls with disabilities and the gaps in data collection and policy provision in Botswana.
Phase Three: Adapt a GBV framework (2018)
Led by BCD and SAMRC, key results will be disseminated through a stakeholder workshop and, to a wider audience, during a key GBV awareness event (e.g. 16 Days of Activism Against Violence Against Women and Disability day in Botswana, potentially with a sport event). In 2018 we will adapt the ALIV[H]E framework based on the retrieved evidence. This will be done with strong leadership from women with disabilities and through a series of discussions and meetings with the advisory group. Study results will be made available in accessible and simplified formats through the participating organisations.
Phase Four: Building Human Capacity (2018/19)
BCD and SAMRC will train NGO, DPO, and government representatives with the framework through a series of capacity building workshops in three different locations (potentially in Gaborone, Serowe/Palapye, Maun, or Francistown). These workshops will reach out at grass-roots level to the participating organisations and include 20 participants per workshop. Through the participation of people with disabilities, women’s group representatives, and local government officials, we intend to achieve learning around the intersection of gender and disability, build human capacity, and strengthen local linkages between disability groups, women’s groups, NGOs, and government.
Phase Five: Support Implementation (2019)
After the workshops, BCD and SAMRC will assist the implementing organisations in developing approaches that increase the participation of women and girls with disabilities in programmes addressing violence, GBV and HIV. This can include the adaptation of recruitment or monitoring strategies to enhance participation, the adaptation of workshop procedures to train facilitators and trainers, or the development of strategic policy engagements. These strategies will be presented in a final stakeholder engagement meeting. This meeting will be complimented by a closing advocacy event in which the project issues will be highlighted through the launch of an artwork or video of a local girl or woman with disability. In addition, we will develop and launch a monitoring and evaluation tool which BCD will use to monitor further progress beyond the project lifetime.

Radio interview: Professor Jill Hanass-hancock unpacks the Alight Botswana project: A project aimed at including people with disabilities in the fight against gender based violence, Channel Africa, 24 November 2017

Contact details
For further information on the project please contact: Jill Hanass-Hancock at

Alight logos

Contact the Webmaster
Last updated:
7 December, 2017
 Developed by Corporate & Marketing Communications, South African Medical Research Council
   Intranet login