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 What are the top causes of death due to cancer in SA? 

 

The causes of death due to cancer in South Africa are shown in Tables 1 and 2 and Figure 1 below from the Revised Burden of Disease estimates for the Comparative Risk Factor Assessment for South Africa, 2000 (pdf format 259 kb). The number and percentage of deaths due to cancer by cause are ranked for persons, males and females in the tables below. The top ten causes of death due to cancer ranked by persons total are shown in the figure below. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer in SA accounting for 17% of all cancer deaths. This is followed by oesophagus Ca which accounts for 13%, cervix Ca accounting for 8%, breast CA accounting for 8% and liver Ca which accounts for 6% of all cancers. Many more males suffer from lung and oesophagus cancer than females. The estimates from the Initial Burden of Disease estimates for South Africa, 2000 (pdf format, 457 kb) are shown in Tables 3 and 4 and Figure 2.

Table 1: Numbers of cancer deaths by cause, South Africa 2000 - Revised

Persons

Males

Females

Rank

Cause of death

Deaths

Rank

Cause of death

Deaths

Rank

Cause of death

Deaths

1

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

6885

1

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

4669

1

Cervix cancer

3498

2

Oesophageal cancer

5579

2

Oesophageal cancer

3566

2

Breast cancer

3156

3

Cervix cancer

3498

3

Prostate cancer

2524

3

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

2216

4

Breast cancer

3206

4

Liver cancer

1666

4

Oesophageal cancer

2013

5

Liver cancer

2651

5

Stomach cancer

1386

5

Colo-rectal cancer

1410

6

Colo-rectal cancer

2567

6

Colo-rectal cancer

1157

6

Liver cancer

986

7

Prostate cancer

2524

7

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

985

7

Stomach cancer

962

8

Stomach cancer

2348

8

Leukaemia

818

8

Pancreas cancer

752

9

Pancreas cancer

1541

9

Pancreas cancer

789

9

Ovary cancer

707

10

Leukaemia

1465

10

Larynx cancer

633

10

Leukaemia

647

11

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

1386

11

Lymphoma

601

11

Corpus uteri cancer

638

12

Lymphoma

1032

12

Bladder cancer

469

12

Lymphoma

431

13

Larynx cancer

746

13

Bone and connective tissue cancer

360

13

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

401

14

Bone and connective tissue cancer

707

14

Brain cancer

274

14

Bone and connective tissue cancer

331

15

Ovary cancer

691

15

Kidney cancer

251

15

Brain cancer

253

16

Bladder cancer

673

16

Melanoma

233

16

Bladder cancer

204

17

Corpus uteri cancer

638

17

Non-melanoma skin cancers

158

17

Melanoma

203

18

Brain cancer

527

18

Breast cancer

50

18

Kidney cancer

176

19

Melanoma

437

19

  

 

19

Larynx cancer

114

20

Kidney cancer

427

 

  

 

20

Non-melanoma skin cancers

108

  

All cancers

41657

  

All cancers

21361

  

All cancers

20296

Table 2: Percentage of cancer deaths by cause, South Africa 2000 - Revised

Persons

Males

Females

Rank

Cause of death

%

Rank

Cause of death

%

Rank

Cause of death

%

1

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

16.5

1

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

21.9

1

Cervix cancer

17.2

2

Oesophageal cancer

13.4

2

Oesophageal cancer

16.7

2

Breast cancer

15.6

3

Cervix cancer

8.4

3

Prostate cancer

11.8

3

Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer

10.9

4

Breast cancer

7.7

4

Liver cancer

7.8

4

Oesophageal cancer

9.9

5

Liver cancer

6.4

5

Stomach cancer

6.5

5

Colo-rectal cancer

6.9

6

Colo-rectal cancer

6.2

6

Colo-rectal cancer

5.4

6

Liver cancer

4.9

7

Prostate cancer

6.1

7

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

4.6

7

Stomach cancer

4.7

8

Stomach cancer

5.6

8

Leukaemia

3.8

8

Pancreas cancer

3.7

9

Pancreas cancer

3.7

9

Pancreas cancer

3.7

9

Ovary cancer

3.5

10

Leukaemia

3.5

10

Larynx cancer

3.0

10

Leukaemia

3.2

11

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

3.3

11

Lymphoma

2.8

11

Corpus uteri cancer

3.1

12

Lymphoma

2.5

12

Bladder cancer

2.2

12

Lymphoma

2.1

13

Larynx cancer

1.8

13

Bone and connective tissue cancer

1.7

13

Mouth and oropharynx cancer

2.0

14

Bone and connective tissue cancer

1.7

14

Brain cancer

1.3

14

Bone and connective tissue cancer

1.6

15

Ovary cancer

1.7

15

Kidney cancer

1.2

15

Brain cancer

1.2

16

Bladder cancer

1.6

16

Melanoma

1.1

16

Bladder cancer

1.0

17

Corpus uteri cancer

1.5

17

Non-melanoma skin cancers

0.7

17

Melanoma

1.0

18

Brain cancer

1.3

18

Breast cancer

0.2

18

Kidney cancer

0.9

19

Melanoma

1.0

19

  

  

19

Larynx cancer

0.6

20

Kidney cancer

1.0

20

  

  

20

Non-melanoma skin cancers

0.5

  

All cancers

100.0

  

All cancers

100.0

  

All cancers

100.0

Figure1 : Top ten causes of death due to cancer by sex, South Africa, 2000 - Revised

Table 3: Numbers of cancer deaths by cause, South Africa 2000 (Initial Burden of Disease Study)

Persons Males Females
Rank Cause of death Deaths Rank Cause of death Deaths Rank Cause of death Deaths
1
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
7173
1
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
5085
1
Cervix cancer
3424
2
Oesophageal cancer
5803
2
Oesophageal cancer
3886
2
Breast cancer
3009
3
Cervix cancer
3424
3
Prostate cancer
2411
3
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
2088
4
Breast cancer
3062
4
Liver cancer
1773
4
Oesophageal cancer
1916
5
Liver cancer
2692
5
Stomach cancer
1482
5
Colo-rectal cancer
1253
6
Colo-rectal cancer
2446
6
Colo-rectal cancer
1193
6
Liver cancer
919
7
Prostate cancer
2411
7
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
1083
7
Stomach cancer
883
8
Stomach cancer
2365
8
Pancreas cancer
846
8
Pancreas cancer
684
9
Pancreas cancer
1530
9
Leukaemia
829
9
Ovary cancer
675
10
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
1464
10
Larynx cancer
693
10
Corpus uteri cancer
593
11
Leukaemia
1418
11
Lymphoma
623
11
Leukaemia
589
12
Lymphoma
1018
12
Bladder cancer
466
12
Lymphoma
395
13
Larynx cancer
804
13
Bone and connective tissue cancer
375
13
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
381
14
Bone and connective tissue cancer
681
14
Brain cancer
295
14
Bone and connective tissue cancer
306
15
Ovary cancer
675
15
Kidney cancer
269
15
Brain cancer
240
16
Bladder cancer
650
16
Melanoma
248
16
Melanoma
187
17
Corpus uteri cancer
593
17
Other skin cancer
159
17
Bladder cancer
185
18
Brain cancer
535
18
Breast cancer
53
18
Kidney cancer
163
19
Melanoma
435
19
  
  
19
Larynx cancer
111
20
Kidney cancer
433
20
  
  
20
Other skin cancer
98
  
All cancers
41691
  
All cancers
22584
  
All cancers
19107

Table 4: Percentage of cancer deaths by cause, South Africa 2000 (Initial Burden of Disease Study)

Persons Males Females
Rank Cause of death % Rank Cause of death % Rank Cause of death %
1
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
17.2
1
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
22.5
1
Cervix cancer
17.9
2
Oesophageal cancer
13.9
2
Oesophageal cancer
17.2
2
Breast cancer
15.7
3
Cervix cancer
8.2
3
Prostate cancer
10.7
3
Trachea/bronchi/
lung cancer
10.9
4
Breast cancer
7.3
4
Liver cancer
7.9
4
Oesophageal cancer
10.0
5
Liver cancer
6.5
5
Stomach cancer
6.6
5
Colo-rectal cancer
6.6
6
Colo-rectal cancer
5.9
6
Colo-rectal cancer
5.3
6
Liver cancer
4.8
7
Prostate cancer
5.8
7
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
4.8
7
Stomach cancer
4.6
8
Stomach cancer
5.7
8
Pancreas cancer
3.7
8
Pancreas cancer
3.6
9
Pancreas cancer
3.7
9
Leukaemia
3.7
9
Ovary cancer
3.5
10
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
3.5
10
Larynx cancer
3.1
10
Corpus uteri cancer
3.1
11
Leukaemia
3.4
11
Lymphoma
2.8
11
Leukaemia
3.1
12
Lymphoma
2.4
12
Bladder cancer
2.1
12
Lymphoma
2.1
13
Larynx cancer
1.9
13
Bone and connective tissue cancer
1.7
13
Mouth and oropharynx cancer
2.0
14
Bone and connective tissue cancer
1.6
14
Brain cancer
1.3
14
Bone and connective tissue cancer
1.6
15
Ovary cancer
1.6
15
Kidney cancer
1.2
15
Brain cancer
1.3
16
Bladder cancer
1.6
16
Melanoma
1.1
16
Melanoma
1.0
17
Corpus uteri cancer
1.4
17
Other skin cancer
0.7
17
Bladder cancer
1.0
18
Brain cancer
1.3
18
Breast cancer
0.2
18
Kidney cancer
0.9
19
Melanoma
1.0
19
  
  
19
Larynx cancer
0.6
20
Kidney cancer
1.0
20
  
  
20
Other skin cancer
0.5
  
All cancers
100.0
  
All cancers
100.0
  
All cancers
100.0

Figure 2 : Top ten causes of death due to cancer by sex, South Africa, 2000 (Initial Burden of Disease Study)

Top ten causes of death due to cancer, South Africa, 2000

Authors: Dr Rosana Norman, Prof Debbie Bradshaw, Michelle Schneider, Desiree Pieterse and Dr Pam Groenewald

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Last updated:
10 December, 2014
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